QANUILIRPITAA? 2017

Meaning: Where are we now? / How are we now?

QANUILIRPITAA? 2017 is a comprehensive health survey that documents the physical and mental health status of Nunavik Inuit as well as the social determinants of Nunavimmiut health. Quantitative survey questionnaires and clinical tests were complemented by qualitative interviews under the umbrella of an innovative community component focussing on assets and conditions for community well-being. This survey is the result of a partnership between the Nunavik regional organizations, the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), and Laval, McGill and Trent Universities.


Results – Community Component

The IQI model of health and well-being
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Results – Thematic Reports


Methodological Report
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Social, Cultural, Mental Health and Wellness

Gambling, Internet and Media Use
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Interpersonal Violence and Community Safety
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Inuit Men’s Health - Transversal Report
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Men’s health: Perception of Gender Role
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Mental Health and Wellness

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Sexual and Reproductive Health
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Sociocultural Determinants of Health and Wellness
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Substance Use
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Physical Health

Cardiometabolic Health
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Iron Deficiency and Anemia
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Oral Health
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Respiratory Health
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Unintentional Injuries
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Zoonotic and Gastrointestinal Diseases
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Living Conditions and Environment

Country and Market Food Consumption and Nutritional Status
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Environmental Contaminants: Metals
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Environmental Contaminants
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Food Security
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Housing and Drinking Water
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Hunting, Fishing, Gathering, Ammunition Use and Public Health Messaging
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Sociodemographic Characteristics
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Scientific articles

Additional analyses are conducted to deepen certain topics. (updated 2023-10)

Social, Cultural, Mental Health and Wellness 
Interpersonal Violence and Community Safety 

Lafrenaye-Dugas, AJ. et al. (2023) "Profiles of childhood adversities in Inuit from Nunavik: description and associations with indicators of socioeconomic characteristics, support, and community involvement." Can J Public Health. Apr 20. doi: 10.17269/s41997-023-00750-z.

Mental Health and Wellness 

Poliakova, N. et al. (2022) "Sociocultural factors in relation to mental health within the Inuit population of Nunavik." Can J Public Health. Nov 7. doi: 10.17269/s41997-022-00705-w

Sexual and Reproductive Health  

Moisan, C. et al. (2023) "Exploring ambivalence toward pregnancy among young Inuit women." Cult Health Sex Jan;25(1):94-109. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2021.2022211.*

Moisan, C. et al. (2022) "Shedding light on attitudes towards pregnancy among Inuit adolescents from Nunavik." Int J Circumpolar Health Dec;81(1):2051335. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2022.2051335.

Substance use 

Courtemanche, Y. et al. (2023) "Sociocultural determinants of alcohol and cannabis use and misuse among Nunavimmiut." Can J Public Health. https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00733-6

Courtemanche, Y. et al. (2023) "Smoking cessation attempts and successes among Nunavimmiut." Can J Public Health Jul 6. doi: 10.17269/s41997-023-00790-5.
 

Physical Health 
Cardiometabolic Health 

Allaire, J. et al. (2023) "Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in the adult Inuit population of Nunavik (northern Quebec, Canada)." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-023-00774-5 

Iron Deficiency and Anemia 

Lavoie, A. et al. (2023) "Determinants of iron deficiency and anemia among Nunavimmiut: results from the Qanuilirpitaa? 2017 Nunavik Health Survey." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-023-00775-4 

Respiratory Health  

Robert, P. et al. (2023) "Respiratory health and its determinants among Nunavimmiut: results from the Qanuilirpitaa? 2017 Nunavik Health Survey." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00722-9

Zoonotic and Gastrointestinal Diseases 

Ducrocq, J. et al. (2021) "Epidemiology associated with the exposure to Toxoplasma gondii in Nunavik’s Inuit population using the 2017 Qanuilirpitaa cross-sectional health survey." Zoonoses and Public Health, 00: 1-12. DOI: 10.1111/zph.12870*
 

Living Conditions and Environment 
Country and Market Food Consumption and Nutritional Status 

Aker, A., et al. (2022) "Sociodemographic patterning of dietary profiles among Inuit youth and adults in Nunavik, Canada: a cross-sectional study." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00724-7 

Environmental Contaminants

Aker, A. et al. (2023) "Associations between dietary profiles and perfluoroalkyl acids in Inuit youth and adults" Science of The Total Environment, Volume 857, Part 3, 2023, 159557, ISSN 0048-9697, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.159557

Amira, A. et al. (2023) "Plasma concentrations of perfluoroalkyl acids and their determinants in youth and adults from Nunavik, Canada", Chemosphere, Volume 310, 136797, ISSN 0045-6535, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.136797.

Aker, A. et al. (2022) "Non-persistent exposures from plasticizers or plastic constituents in remote Arctic communities: a case for further research." J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 32;400–407 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41370-022-00425-w

Caron-Beaudoin, É. et al. (2022) "Exposure to benzene, toluene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Nunavimmiut aged 16 years and over (Nunavik, Canada) - Qanuilirpitaa 2017 survey." Environ Res. Apr 15; 206:112586. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112586

Cirtiu, CM. et al. (2022) "Biological monitoring of exposure to rare earth elements and selected metals in the Inuit population of Nunavik, Canada." Chemosphere Feb;289:133142. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.133142*

Aker, A. et al. (2023) "Cardiometabolic health and per and polyfluoroalkyl substances in an Inuit population" Environment International, Volume 181, 108283, ISSN 0160-4120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2023.108283  

Housing and Drinking Water 

Simard, CO. et al. (2022) "The psychosocial dimension of housing in Nunavik: does social support vary with household crowding?." Can J Public Healthhttps://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00716-7 
 

Community Component
Community resources success indicators 

Fraser, S.L. et al. (2022) "Culturally and contextually adaptive indicators of organizational success: Nunavik, Quebec." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00704-x

Elders health indicators 

Baron, M. et al. (2021) "Conceptualisation and Operationalisation of a Holistic Indicator of Health for Older Inuit: Results of a Sequential Mixed-Methods Project." Soc Indic Res 155: 47–72. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-020-02592-5

IQI model of health and well-being 

Fletcher, C. et al. (2022) "Epistemic inclusion in the Qanuilirpitaa? Nunavik Inuit health survey: developing an Inuit model and determinants of health and well-being." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00719-4 

Youth Perspective 

Pawlowski, M. et al. (2022) "Youth perspectives on community health in Nunavik: a community-engaged photovoice project." Can J Public Health https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-022-00687-9
 

Extra research projects  
Airway microbiota and respiratory health 

Flahaut, M. et al. (2023) "Distinctive features of the oropharyngeal microbiome in Inuit of Nunavik and correlations of mild to moderate bronchial obstruction with dysbiosis." Sci Rep 13, 16622 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-43821-4

Gut microbiome and health 

Abed, J.Y. et al. (2022) "Gut metagenome profile of the Nunavik Inuit youth is distinct from industrial and non-industrial counterparts." Commun Biol 5, 1415. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-04372-y